Intestinal Barrier Function and the Gut Microbiome Are Differentially Affected in Mice Fed a Western-Style Diet or Drinking Water Supplemented with Fructose [Nutrient Physiology, Metabolism, and Nutrient-Nutrient Interactions]

Intestinal Barrier Function and the Gut Microbiome Are Differentially Affected in Mice Fed a Western-Style Diet or Drinking Water Supplemented with Fructose [Nutrient Physiology, Metabolism, and Nutrient-Nutrient Interactions] Background: The consumption of a Western-style diet (WSD) and high fructose intake are risk factors for metabolic diseases. The underlying mechanisms are largely unclear. Objective: To unravel…

Circulating Vitamin K Is Inversely Associated with Incident Cardiovascular Disease Risk among Those Treated for Hypertension in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study (Health ABC) [Nutritional Epidemiology]

Circulating Vitamin K Is Inversely Associated with Incident Cardiovascular Disease Risk among Those Treated for Hypertension in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study (Health ABC) [Nutritional Epidemiology] Background: A role for vitamin K in coronary artery calcification (CAC), a subclinical manifestation of cardiovascular disease (CVD), has been proposed because vitamin K–dependent proteins, including the…

Climate change's toll on mental health

Climate change’s toll on mental health When people think about climate change, they probably think first about its effects on the environment, and possibly on their physical health. But climate change also takes a significant toll on mental health, according to a new report. Climate change’s toll on mental health Source: Science Daily Mind &…

Link between common prostate cancer treatment, dementia detailed in new study

Link between common prostate cancer treatment, dementia detailed in new study A new analysis of patients who have undergone treatment for prostate cancer shows a connection between androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) — a testosterone-lowering therapy and a common treatment for the disease — and dementia, according to researchers. Link between common prostate cancer treatment, dementia…

Telomere length predicts cancer risk

Telomere length predicts cancer risk The length of the ‘caps’ of DNA that protect the tips of chromosomes may predict cancer risk and be a potential target for future therapeutics. Longer-than-expected telomeres — which are composed of repeated sequences of DNA and are shortened every time a cell divides — are associated with an increased…

Prudence, impatience and laziness: Are these contagious personality traits?

Prudence, impatience and laziness: Are these contagious personality traits? People tend to unconsciously imitate others’ prudent, impatient or lazy attitudes, according to a new study. ‘Prudence,’ ‘impatience’ or ‘laziness’ are typically thought of as entrenched personality traits that guide how people weigh the cost of risk, delay and effort (respectively). However, new research shows that…