Amino Acid Absorption in the Large Intestine of Humans and Porcine Models [Critical Review]

Amino Acid Absorption in the Large Intestine of Humans and Porcine Models [Critical Review] Dietary protein quality has been recognized as a critical issue by international authorities because it can affect important functions of the body. To predict protein quality, the FAO introduced the Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score. This score depends on ileal amino…

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After Mexico Implemented a Tax, Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Decreased and of Water Increased: Difference by Place of Residence, Household Composition, and Income Level [Nutritional Epidemiology]

After Mexico Implemented a Tax, Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Decreased and of Water Increased: Difference by Place of Residence, Household Composition, and Income Level [Nutritional Epidemiology] Background: In January 2014, Mexico implemented a tax on sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) purchases of 1 peso/L. Objective: We examined the heterogeneity of changes in nonalcoholic beverage (SSB and bottled…

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Yogurt Is a Low-Glycemic Index Food [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript]

Yogurt Is a Low-Glycemic Index Food [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low–glycemic index (GI) and low–glycemic load (GL) diets are associated…

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Yogurt and Diabetes: Overview of Recent Observational Studies [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript]

Yogurt and Diabetes: Overview of Recent Observational Studies [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] The effects of dairy consumption on the prevention of type 2 diabetes remain controversial and depend on the dairy subtype. Yogurt intake has received special attention because its association with health benefits is more consistent than that of other types of dairy products.…

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Factors Influencing the Gut Microbiota, Inflammation, and Type 2 Diabetes [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript]

Factors Influencing the Gut Microbiota, Inflammation, and Type 2 Diabetes [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] The gut microbiota is a complex community of bacteria residing in the intestine. Animal models have demonstrated that several factors contribute to and can significantly alter the composition of the gut microbiota, including genetics; the mode of delivery at birth; the…

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Introduction to the Fourth Global Summit on the Health Effects of Yogurt [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript]

Introduction to the Fourth Global Summit on the Health Effects of Yogurt [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] Introduction to the Fourth Global Summit on the Health Effects of Yogurt [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] Source: American Society of Nutrition – Journal of Nutrition Articles in Press

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Pre-clinical study suggests Parkinson's could start in gut endocrine cells

Pre-clinical study suggests Parkinson’s could start in gut endocrine cells A potential new mechanism has been identified in both mice and human endocrine cells that populate the small intestines. Inside these cells is a protein called alpha-synuclein, which is known to go awry and lead to damaging clumps in the brains of Parkinson’s patients, as…

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