baby hand and old person hand

The Skin: An Outer Reflection of Inner Aging

The human skin is the largest organ of the body. It comprises 15% of body weight and has an average surface area of around 2 m2 (21.5 square feet).1 The skin has a high turnover rate, with epidermal skin cells replacing themselves approximately once every 27 days.2 The skin contains and constrains the trillions of other cells that constitute the “us” that resides within. The skin is our interface between…

man holding stomach in pain

Autoimmunity, Allergies, & Biochemical Pathways: An Individualized Approach

Autoimmune diseases afflict a considerable portion of the population, with recent numbers indicating that 15.9% of the US population, or 41 million people, suffer from an autoimmune condition.1 Although autoimmune diseases are more common among women, the number of men with this type of condition is increasing, according to a study conducted by scientists at the National Institutes of Health.1 At the same time, the incidence of food…

brain with medical treatment icons

Anxiety, Depression, and Insomnia: Treatment Using the Hippocratic Philosophy

The philosophy of Hippocrates has been shown over the past 2400 years to not only have merit but also notable scientific veracity. Hippocrates advocated a natural approach to the treatment of diseases and emphasized the need for harmony between the individual and social and natural environments.1 His approach is especially relevant to mental disorders such as depression and…

sperm and egg cell

Male Infertility: Successful Results Achieved By Antioxidants

According to the World Health Organization (WHO)’s International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technology, infertility is a reproductive system disease characterized by failure to achieve clinical pregnancy after 1 year or more of regular sexual intercourse without using contraception. In 8% of couples who are unable to conceive, male infertility is the primary cause.1 In 35%…

fruits representing sperm and egg cells

Antioxidants & Male Infertility: Can Supplements Make a Difference?

Modern couples are attempting to procreate in a world of toxins and dietary and lifestyle habits that produce an overabundance of reactive oxygen species (ROS); antioxidant defenses are burdened as a result. Toxins (eg, bisphenol-A and pesticides in food), aging, psychological stress, obesity, poor nutrition, reduced physical activity, high intake of caffeine, high scrotal temperature,…

Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics and the Gastrointestinal Microbiota on Gut Motility and Constipation

Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics and the Gastrointestinal Microbiota on Gut Motility and Constipation Constipation is a common and burdensome gastrointestinal disorder that may result from altered gastrointestinal motility. The effect of probiotics on constipation has been increasingly investigated in both animal and human studies, showing promising results. However, there is still uncertainty regarding the…