A Western Diet Pattern Is Associated with Higher Concentrations of Blood and Bone Lead among Middle-Aged and Elderly Men [Nutritional Epidemiology]

A Western Diet Pattern Is Associated with Higher Concentrations of Blood and Bone Lead among Middle-Aged and Elderly Men [Nutritional Epidemiology] Background: Little is known about the effects of overall dietary pattern on lead concentration. Objective: We examined the association of overall dietary patterns, derived from a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, with bone and blood…

Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber, low-glycemic diet

Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber, low-glycemic diet A Preliminary study finds that study participants with high fasting plasma glucose lost more weight than those with low fasting plasma glucose when following a high-fiber, low-glycemic load diet. Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber,…

Vegetarian diets almost twice as effective in reducing body weight, study finds

Vegetarian diets almost twice as effective in reducing body weight, study finds Dieters who go vegetarian not only lose weight more effectively than those on conventional low-calorie diets but also improve their metabolism by reducing muscle fat, a new study has found. Vegetarian diets almost twice as effective in reducing body weight, study finds Source:…

Tweaking muscle metabolism prevents obesity and diabetes in mice

Tweaking muscle metabolism prevents obesity and diabetes in mice Mildly stressing muscle metabolism boosts levels of a beneficial hormone that prevents obesity and diabetes in mice, according to a new study. The findings show that triggering ER stress in mouse muscle cells causes them to produce and secrete significant amounts of the anti-diabetic hormone fibroblast…

Western diet increases Alzheimer's pathology in genetically predisposed mice

Western diet increases Alzheimer’s pathology in genetically predisposed mice Obese mice with a particular version of a gene strongly associated with Alzheimer’s disease in humans show increased Alzheimer’s pathology, according to new research. Western diet increases Alzheimer’s pathology in genetically predisposed mice Source: Science Daily Mind & Brain

Yogurt and Diabetes: Overview of Recent Observational Studies [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript]

Yogurt and Diabetes: Overview of Recent Observational Studies [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] The effects of dairy consumption on the prevention of type 2 diabetes remain controversial and depend on the dairy subtype. Yogurt intake has received special attention because its association with health benefits is more consistent than that of other types of dairy products.…

Yogurt Is a Low-Glycemic Index Food [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript]

Yogurt Is a Low-Glycemic Index Food [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low–glycemic index (GI) and low–glycemic load (GL) diets are associated…

After Mexico Implemented a Tax, Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Decreased and of Water Increased: Difference by Place of Residence, Household Composition, and Income Level [Nutritional Epidemiology]

After Mexico Implemented a Tax, Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Decreased and of Water Increased: Difference by Place of Residence, Household Composition, and Income Level [Nutritional Epidemiology] Background: In January 2014, Mexico implemented a tax on sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) purchases of 1 peso/L. Objective: We examined the heterogeneity of changes in nonalcoholic beverage (SSB and bottled…

Amino Acid Absorption in the Large Intestine of Humans and Porcine Models [Critical Review]

Amino Acid Absorption in the Large Intestine of Humans and Porcine Models [Critical Review] Dietary protein quality has been recognized as a critical issue by international authorities because it can affect important functions of the body. To predict protein quality, the FAO introduced the Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score. This score depends on ileal amino…