Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber, low-glycemic diet

Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber, low-glycemic diet A Preliminary study finds that study participants with high fasting plasma glucose lost more weight than those with low fasting plasma glucose when following a high-fiber, low-glycemic load diet. Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber,…

Study identifies potential biomarker for Alzheimer's disease

Study identifies potential biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease In one of the largest studies to date to use metabolomics, the study of compounds that are created through various chemical reactions in the body, researchers have been able to identify new circulating compounds associated with the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The findings point…

Elevated brain amyloid level associated with increased likelihood of cognitive decline

Elevated brain amyloid level associated with increased likelihood of cognitive decline Among a group of cognitively normal individuals, those who had elevated levels in the brain of the protein amyloid were more likely to experience cognitive decline in the following years, according to a study. Elevated brain amyloid level associated with increased likelihood of cognitive…

Alzheimer's disease patients with psychosis more likely to be misdiagnosed, study suggests

Alzheimer’s disease patients with psychosis more likely to be misdiagnosed, study suggests People with Alzheimer’s disease who experience psychosis — including delusions and hallucinations — are five times more likely to be misdiagnosed with dementia with Lewy bodies compared to patients who do not, new research suggests. Alzheimer’s disease patients with psychosis more likely to…

Yogurt Is a Low-Glycemic Index Food [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript]

Yogurt Is a Low-Glycemic Index Food [Sponsored Supplement Publication Manuscript] High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low–glycemic index (GI) and low–glycemic load (GL) diets are associated…

After Mexico Implemented a Tax, Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Decreased and of Water Increased: Difference by Place of Residence, Household Composition, and Income Level [Nutritional Epidemiology]

After Mexico Implemented a Tax, Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Decreased and of Water Increased: Difference by Place of Residence, Household Composition, and Income Level [Nutritional Epidemiology] Background: In January 2014, Mexico implemented a tax on sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) purchases of 1 peso/L. Objective: We examined the heterogeneity of changes in nonalcoholic beverage (SSB and bottled…

Amino Acid Absorption in the Large Intestine of Humans and Porcine Models [Critical Review]

Amino Acid Absorption in the Large Intestine of Humans and Porcine Models [Critical Review] Dietary protein quality has been recognized as a critical issue by international authorities because it can affect important functions of the body. To predict protein quality, the FAO introduced the Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score. This score depends on ileal amino…

Inclusion of Almonds in a Cholesterol-Lowering Diet Improves Plasma HDL Subspecies and Cholesterol Efflux to Serum in Normal-Weight Individuals with Elevated LDL Cholesterol [Nutrition and Disease]

Inclusion of Almonds in a Cholesterol-Lowering Diet Improves Plasma HDL Subspecies and Cholesterol Efflux to Serum in Normal-Weight Individuals with Elevated LDL Cholesterol [Nutrition and Disease] Background: Almonds may increase circulating HDL cholesterol when substituted for a high-carbohydrate snack in an isocaloric diet, yet little is known about the effects on HDL biology and function.…